William Grant Still was the 1st black composer to have an opera produced by the New York City Opera; the "Afro-American," 1931.
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. was the 1st black person to be elected from New York to Congress, 1941.
Julie Dash directed the 1st feature film by a black woman to receive a general theatrical release, Daughters of the Dust, 1991.
Republican, Kay Coles James, was the 1st black woman to be named president of the Heritage Foundation, 2017.
Tarea Hall Pittman, civil rights activist, organized protests to force Kaiser Shipyards to hire blacks in 1941 and 1942.