Wesley A. Brown was the 1st black graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, 1949.
Matthias de Souza was the 1st black officeholder in colonial America, 1641.
Juanita Kidd Stout was the 1st black woman elected to the U.S. judgeship and appointed to a state supreme court, 1988.
Violet Palmer first woman official in any U.S. professional sport, the NBA, 1997.
Ida Gray Nelson Rollins first black, male or female to practice dentistry in Chicago, 1895.