Cheryl White is the 1st black female jockey in the United States, 1971.
Cathay Williams was the 1st black woman to enlist in the U.S. Army, 1866.
Johnny Grier was the 1st black NFL referee, 1988.
Gordon Parks was the 1st black director of a major Hollywood motion picture; The Learning Tree, 1969.
Steve McQueen 1st black filmmaker to win an Academy Award for Best Picture for 12 Years a Slave, 2014.